Biology Courses

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Important note

Courses that do not have a term notation are not offered on a set rotation.

The number of semester credit hours which a course carries is listed in parentheses following the course title.

BY 105 Principles of Biology (4) Offered Fall. Prereq.: Nursing major or sport management concentration. Students learn the basic principles of biology with an emphasis on the cell as the structural and functional unit of life. Lectures plus lab.

BY 111 General Biology I (4) Offered Fall. Prereq.: Non-nursing major. This course begins with a study of origins and fundamental concepts in ecology. The course concludes with a study of cell biology, including cell structure, metabolism, reproduction, and genetics. Students receive practical training in use of ecological modeling in lab. Cell biology labs stress techniques and fundamentals of genetics. 4 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 112 General Biology II (4) Offered Spring. Prereq.: BY 111 and non-nursing major. Students study the diversity of life through examination of plant and animal taxa, morphology, anatomy, and physiology. An overview of the major plant and animal phyla will be studied in lab through specimen analysis and dissections. Human anatomy and physiology is also emphasized. 4 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 201 General Anatomy and Physiology (4) Offered Spring. Prereq.: BY 105 or 111; concentration/emphasis other than biology, pre-medicine, pre-pharmacy, or pre-physical therapy. A review of cell biology is given. Students learn the anatomy and physiology of the human integumentary, skeletal, cardiovascular, lymphatic, and respiratory systems. Lab work consists of histological study of tissue types and anatomical study of body systems. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 202 General Anatomy and Physiology (4) Offered Fall. Prereq.: BY 105 or 111; concentration/emphasis other than biology, pre-medicine, pre-pharmacy, or pre-physical therapy. Students learn concepts of anatomy and physiology of the human muscular, nervous, endocrine, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Studies are made in the areas of nutrition, electrolyte and water balance, and embryology. Lab work includes an anatomical and physiological study of these systems utilizing a cat as the dissection specimen. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 206 Microbiology (4) Offered Spring. Prereq.: Sophomore or above; BY 105 and CH 107; or BY 111 and CH 112. Students learn the physiological and clinical aspects of microorganisms. Special emphasis is given to bacteria and the role of microorganisms in disease. Basic virology, parasitology, epidemiology, and immunology are studied. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 221 Zoology (4) Offered Fall. Prereq.: BY 111 and 112. Students learn the basic principles of animal biology by an integrated review of morphology, physiology, genetics, and development. Classification, structure, and function of both invertebrates and vertebrates are examined in the laboratory and field, using both live and preserved specimens. Local marine and land species are observed. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 222 Botany (4) Offered Spring. Prereq.: BY 111. Students learn the anatomy and physiology of the plant kingdom with an emphasis on photosynthesis, water and nutrient transport and use, and growth/development. Differences among plant divisions will be discussed. Students gain practical experience in the laboratory using microscopic and macroscopic observations along with plant physiology experiments. Plant forms in the upper Gulf Coast ecology are referenced. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 311 Anatomy and Physiology I (4) Offered Fall. Prereq.: BY 112 and biology, pre-medicine, pre-pharmacy, or pre-physical therapy concentration/emphasis. A review of cell biology is given. Students acquire understanding of anatomy and physiology of the human skeletal, muscular, integumentary, and nervous systems. In addition, students learn pathology of each system studied. Lab work consists of histological and anatomical study of body parts with additional work in physiology. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 312 Anatomy and Physiology II (4) Offered Spring. Prereq.: BY 311 and biology, pre-medicine, pre-pharmacy, or pre-physical therapy concentration/emphasis. This course is a continuation of the first-semester course. Students learn the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory, endocrine, digestive, reproductive, excretory, immune, and cardiovascular systems. Pathology will also be considered for the systems covered. Lab work consists of physiological, histological, and anatomical study of organs and systems with additional work in physiology. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 323 Ecology (4) Offered Fall. Prereq.: BY 111 and 112. Students learn the interactions of biotic and abiotic factors and their effects on population structure along with other fundamental ecology topics. Lab studies will focus on population studies both in a laboratory setting and in the field. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 331 Genetics (3) Offered Fall. Prereq.: BY 105 or 111. This course is an introduction to the basic concepts of classical, molecular, and population genetics with special emphasis on the human genome and biomedical applications. Students develop skills in solving genetics problems.

BY 411 Parasitology (4) Offered Fall odd. Prereq.: Two BY lab courses. Students will gain a comprehensive understanding of parasites and parasitism. Emphasis will be placed on parasite life cycles, ecology, epidemiology, pathology, prevention, and treatment. Consideration will be made of the global socioeconomic impact of both human and veterinary parasites. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 422 Cell Biology (4) Offered Spring. Prereq.: BY 105 and CH 107; or BY 111 and CH 112. This course provides a comprehensive introduction to cellular and molecular biology. It covers the major issues concerning cell function and cell constituents, including the fundamentals of embryology and the study of the immune system. Students acquire a broad and coherent basis of reference in this subject.

BY 430 Professional Issues in Biology (3) Offered Fall. Prereq.: Senior. This course addresses, from a biblical philosophy, vital issues in biology, including creation science and evolution, bioethics and decision making in medicine, recombinant DNA, and cloning. Students prepare a research paper discussing an advanced topic in biology in the context of technical, social, ethical, and spiritual issues.

BY 441 Exercise Physiology (4) Offered Fall. Prereq.: BY 201 and 202; or BY 311 and 312; or PE 191, 321, and approval from chair of natural sciences. This course provides a rigorous coverage of the principles of bioenergetics and the physiological response of the human body to exercise and physical conditioning. Students will learn the integration of body systems in the adaptation to exercise. Lab work focuses on applying physiological principles to a practical understanding of exercise. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 442 Biomechanics (4) Offered Spring. Prereq.: BY 311 or 441, and at least “C-” in MA 131. This course builds on a background of musculoskeletal anatomy to cover the fundamental mechanical properties and structural behavior of biological tissues. Students will learn the relationship of structure and function in the musculoskeletal system and how it applies to the analysis of stress and strain in biological tissues. Students will be introduced to both quantitative and qualitative approaches to analyze forces in human function and movement. Lab work focuses on the measurement of biomechanical forces and the application of foundational principles. 3 hours lecture, plus lab.

BY 450 Biotechnology (3) Offered Spring. Prereq.: BY 331 and CH 211. This course is an introduction to the use of microorganisms and other biological systems to aid in manufacturing various products. In this capstone experience, students apply concepts of ethics, genetics, and biochemistry to practical problems. 1 hour lecture, plus labs.

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